The Memphite Sacerdotal Decree of 161 BCE
Journal of Egyptian History. 2023. Vol. 16. P 30-82.
The present article deals with a little-known sacerdotal decree composed under Ptolemy VI Philometor in 161 BCE and includes a new hieroglyphic copy, a translation, and a commentary. The document is the most recent of the preserved Ptolemaic priestly decrees. It is of particular historical interest because it provides information on coronation ceremonies for Ptolemy VI in Memphis, an event not mentioned in other sources. Other notable elements are the reference to a revolt or unrest and the fact that the royal cartouches are consistently erased. Although the text has the usual structure of the other synodal decrees and shows, in particular, several parallels with the decrees of 196 and 185 BCE, it contains significant deviations from these texts and cannot be considered a copy or simple update of these earlier texts.
Literary, Historical and Biographical Records from the Late Period (Egyptian Texts series. Vol. XX). 2023. 500 p. / Литературные и историко-биографические надписи позднего периода
Новосибирск: Панов М.В.
The current volume includes an up-to-date discussion and Russian translations of selected ancient Egyptian records dated to the Ramesside period and few later centuries. The study offers new noteworthy interpretations of the well-known texts. Transliteration and brief commentaries are provided, a number of remarkable texts are translated into Russian for the first time. Chapter 1 “Documents from Dyn. 19” includes twenty well-known records glorifying the deeds of Ramesses II and Merenptah, and a number of private monuments. They are: Invocation to the Nile (West Silsila), stela of Era of 400 Years, The Quban stela, The Battle of Kadesh (from temples), The Treaty with the Hittites, The First Hittite Marriage (main record). A group of private inscriptions includes the stelae of the viceroy in Kush Setau (Caire JE 41395+41397+41398), the sculptor Nebre (ÄM 20377), two statues of the high priest Bakenkhonsu (CGC 42155, München Gl.WAF 38) etc. Chapter 2 “Documents from Dyn. 20” consists of fifteen records. Setnakhte’s stela from Elephantine, followed by several legal documents concerning adultery case (papyrus IFAO 27) and making a will (papyri Ash. 1945.95, DeM a, b, Ash. 1945.97; Torino 2021+Geneva D 409), inscriptions from Wadi Hammamat (WH 12) and Abydos (stela Caire JE 48831), and few Ramesside letters (papyri BM 10950, Valençay I, Valençay II). Among the judicial papyri there are records dealing with a harem conspiracy against Ramesses III (papyrus Torino 1875), the trial concerning the portable chests (papyrus BM 10403), and thefts from the temple at Medinet Habu (papyrus BM 10383). Chapter 3 “Literary Compositions” comprises twenty five poetic works, late Egyptian stories, literary compositions. Such as, The Harper’s Songs (TT 106, papyrus Harris 500, TT 359), the collection of Love Songs from papyri Harris 500 and Ch.Beatty I, The Capture of Joppa, The Tale of the Doomed Prince (papyrus Harris 500); The Satirical Letter of Papyrus Anastasi I, The Instruction of Amunnakhte (ostracon BM 41541), The Lament of Menna (ostraca OIM 12074+IFAO 2188), The Senet-game (papyrus Caire JE 58037, vs), The Encomium of Ramesses V (papyrus Ch.Beatty I), a scribal exercise “A Pharaoh’s Biography” (ostracon IFAO 1610), The Dream Book (papyrus Ch.Beatty III), The Decree of Amun (papyrus CGC 58033), The Onomasticon (papyrus Pushkin ГМИИ I.1.b.128, UC writing-board), A Woe Letter of Wermai (papyrus Pushkin I.1.b.127), The Report of Wenamun (papyrus Pushkin I.1.b.120), 15 Gateways of the Domain of Osiris in the Field of Reeds (BD 146), The Inscription of the Nubian royal from the Semna temple, The Instruction of Amunemipet (papyrus BM 10474, rt), The Tale of Mery-Re (papyrus Vandier), two stelae from Dafna and Ismailia about Apries, the inscription from the amulet of Nesmin (BM 20775), Descriptions of the snakes, the effects of their bites, and the treatments for the snakebite victims from the papyrus Brooklyn 47.218.48+47.218.85. The Supplement provides the photo of inscription WH 12, the hieroglyphic transcription of the graffito in Sakkara M.2.3.P.19.3, the hieroglyphic transcription of the unpublished ostracon Louvre E 32922 (with parallel lines to papyrus Anastasi I, 2,6–3,1), the hieroglyphic transcription of papyrus Caire JE 58037, vs (“Senet”), the hieroglyphic transcription of papyrus BM 10554.83–84 with Late-Egyptian version of the chapter 146 BD, the photos of two stelae found in Dafna and Ismailia and the copies of the inscriptions.
Literary, Historical, and Biographical Records from the Classical Age (Egyptian Texts series. Vol. XIX). 2023. 403 p. / Литературные и историко-биографические надписи классического периода
Новосибирск: Панов М.В.
The current volume includes an up-to-date discussion and Russian translations of selected ancient Egyptian records dated to a vast period from the Old Kingdom to the Second Intermediate period. The study offers a number of new noteworthy interpretations of the well-known texts. Transliteration and brief commentaries are provided. Chapter 1 “Documents from Dyn. 4–6” includes twenty inscriptions from the mastabas in Sakkara, Giza, Meir, Aswan, Abydos. Chapter 2 “Literary Compositions” includes twenty Middle Egyptian fabuluos and didactic compositions (e.g. “The Tales of the Westcar Papyrus”, “The Instuction of Dedefhor”, “The Story of the General Sasenet”, “The Teaching (of unknown author) addressed to Kagemni”, “The Maxims of Ptahhotep”, “The Shipwrecked Sailor”, “The Dialogue of the Man and His Ba”, “The Tale of the Herdsman”, “The Story of Sanehet” etc.). A newly-made translation of the well-known and much discussed texts are based on the authoritative editions and latter date discourses. A number of above mentioned literary works are translated into Russian for the first time. Chapter 3 “Documents from Dyn. 11–13” includes a group biographical texts of the nobles from Gebelein, Theban region, Wadi Hammamat, and Abydos.Royal texts are represented by the Boundary stelae of Senusert III from Semna. Publications includes the photos or/and hieroglyphic transcriptions of papyri BnF 183 (“The Teaching addressed to Kagemni”), CGT 54015 (“The Story of Sanehet”), and leather roll ÄM P 3029 (“The Dialogue of Senusert I” and two administrative documents), stela MMA 65.107 (“The Biography of Djemi”). Supplement includes two notes to A.H. Gardiner’s grammar discuss the use of the non-enclitic particle smwn with a pronoun and construction nn sDm=f expressing the past events.
The Earliest Copy of the Philensis Decrees
Égypte nilotique et méditerranéenne. 2023. T. 16. P. 61–68.
The article is devoted to the document with the copies of two synodal decrees of 186 and 185 BC from Philae discovered by the author in J.G. Wilkinson’s archive kept in the Bodleian libraries. The sheet containing only the hieroglyphic version is dated to 1820–30s, and helps to make a number of restorations in both inscriptions.
Notes on the Sacerdotal Decrees
Égypte nilotique et méditerranéenne. 2022. T. 15. P. 295–320.
The article chiefly presents comments on four sacerdotal decrees from the Ptolemaic period. The first part of the paper provides epigraphic notes on the Greek text of stela CGC 22187 (Canopus decree). The second part contains commentaries on the texts and editons of stela CGC 22188 and the Rosetta stone (Memphite decree). The third provides notes on the recent studies devoted to the Alexandria (Philensis II) and Memphite decree (Philensis I).
Documents on the History of the Ptolemaic Kingdom (Egyptian Texts series. Vol. XVIII). 2022. 500 p. / Документы по истории государства Птолемеев
Новосибирск: Панов М.В.
The current volume in the Egyptian Texts series includes an up-to-date discussion and Russian translations of the ancient records created under Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. The book consists of an Introduction, four chapters, Supplement, Indexes, Plates and Bibliography. Chapter 1. Documents of Ptolemaic governance. There are: The Pithom stela (264 BC) tells about the king’s visits to Atum’s temple and commemorates great deeds of Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II. The Victories of Ptolemy III. A new Russian translation (after the period of 800 years) of the Greek text of Monumentum Adulitanum collated with three Greek manuscripts. The entire work of Cosmas Indicopleustes was translated into Old Slavonic ca. 12th century. Nowadays many hand-copies with similar texts are preserved; the first is dated to the late 15th century. This translation appeared ca. 500 years earlier the first Greek-French and Greek-Latin editions in Europe. The Greek manuscript used in Russia in 12th century is lost, but the comparison with the three preserved Greek manuscripts leads to the conclusion that the translated copy can be placed between the Vatican Gr.699 and Laur.Plut.09.28 & Sinai Gr.1186. A number of interesting variations between the Greek versions and the first Old Russian translation was found. The list of the countries conquered by Ptolemy III from the temple relief in Esna and the Document from Zenon’s archive containing a date with reference to the ruling couple, Ptolemy III and Berenice II, as “benefactor gods”, complement the theme related to the Monumentum Adulitanum. Titles of the High priests and priestesses of Egyptian nomes are listed according to their presentation engraved in Edfu under Ptolemy IV. The Building activity in Edfu (from 237 till 88 BC) describes the stages of the temple construction with names of the rulers commanded those works. The first Russian translation. The Apis bull stela from the time of Ptolemy VIII (119 BC) tells about burial procedures of the sacred animal. The first Russian translation. The Philae obelisk of Ptolemy VIII brought to England by W.J. Bankes. The first Russian translation of the hieroglyphic inscription and its English version, as a number of meanings given in the recent English translation of the monument by R. Mairs and A. Bowman is opposed and the missing part is completed. Ptolemy X’s Bilingual stela from Athribis (96 BC) preserves a copy of the royal derective regarding temples. The first Russian translation from hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek versions. Callimachos’s stela from Karnak (ca. 39 BC). The first Russian translation of the hieroglyphic part and Greek inscription. It is obvious that the slab taken for this monument had previously been used, and the scene was designed for the text of different content. Chapter 2. Sacerdotal Decrees. The Sacerdotal Decree of Alexandria (243 BC). A synod assembly was gathered to celebrate Ptolemy III’s victories in the Third Syrian war. The text was discussed in ET XIV, this study includes a partly revised Russian translation of the hieroglyphic and demotic parts with the first Russian translation of the Greek version (except the passages in the middle restored from other decrees). The Sacerdotal Decree of Canopus (238 BC) deals with innovations of the Egyptian priesthood structure and Berenice’s deification, a deceased daughter of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. The first Russian translation from hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek versions with epigraphic notes on the Greek text of stela CGC 22187 based on the photo by H. Brugsch. The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (ca. 221–217 BC), fragmentary preserved, apparently glorifies benevolence of Ptolemy IV and his ancestors, and adopts development of the royal cult. The first Russian translation from hieroglyphic and Greek versions. The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (217 BC). A synod assembly was gathered to celebrate Ptolemy’s IV victory over Antiochos III in the Fourth Syrian war. The first Russian translation of hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek versions. The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (Nebireh, 182 BC, and Rosetta, 196 BC). The study of the Memphite priestly decree is devoted to the critical source analysis of the hieroglyphic, Demotic and Greek versions of the text. The research presents a description of the sources with a detailed critical historiographical review. A large number of improvements for the hieroglyphic text edited by K. Sethe is made. The text was discussed in ET XIV, it is a partly revised study of Russian translation of hieroglyphic and demotic parts with the first complete Russian translation of the Greek version. The Sacerdotal Decree of Alexandria (186 BC). A synod assembly was gathered to celebrate an end of the revolt broken up in the Theban region and capture of rebellions’ leader. Traditionally major issues of the document honor the beneficence of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. The first Russian translation of hieroglyphic and demotic versions. The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (185 BC). A synod assembly was gathered to introduce a new Apis bull in Ptah temple. The document adopts the festive procedures, and contains praises of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. The first Russian translation of hieroglyphic and demotic versions. The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (182 BC). The hieroglyphic decree glorifies deeds of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. Another celebrated character is Aristonikos, pharaoh’s confident, who engaged mercenaries for the army of Ptolemy V. This person has been already mentioned earlier (see Decree of 186), it was he who reported the capture of the rebellious leader. The first Russian translation. The Sacerdotal Decree of [Memphis] (161 BC) is the only edict dating to Ptolemy VI’s rule. The document was patterned after the earlier Ptolemaic decrees, and contains an evidence that Ptolemy VI was crowned in Memphis. A new copy of the inscription is included in the Supplement. The first Russian translation (the first English translation will appear soon in JEH). The fragments of two inscriptions with unknown provenance (Louvre AF 10077, AF 10078). The earlier proposed idea to consider AF 10077 and four AF 10078 fragments as parts of one monument is disputed. These two distinct records engraved on the alike stones differ in the style of hieroglyphic signs, the first is probably the pharaoh’s decree to errect a statue of a god, the other, dated to Ptolemy V, looks similar to a Sacerdotal Decree, but not essential. New copies of the inscriptions are included in the Supplement. Chapter 3. Private Monuments and Documents. The records under study are: Two fragmentary statues CGC 974, CGC 963, originated from the area where the Pithom stela was found, also translated into English. The stela of Padiimhotep, a priest from Memphis and Letopolis (Bergé 2007.481, now in a private collection). The study is based on a newly made hieroglyphic copy of the inscription (differs from that published by M. Chauveau & G. Gorre). Detailed commentaries and the first Russian translation. In view of the decoration of the scene and analyses of the text the stelae of Padiimhotep and his sister (BM 383) are dating from the 40s regnal years of Ptolemy VIII. The conclusion is made that their mother Arsinoe nursed the future ruler of Egypt, namely Ptolemy VIII. Accordingly, the owner of the stela was a foster-brother of Ptolemy VIII. Few readings proposed by M. Chauveau & G. Gorre are debated; the inscription is also translated into English. The demotic inscription on the stela of Padinefertem and Paptah from Sakkara (present location is unknown) is noteworthy for the date contained. Three statues of Panemerit, the governor of Tanis (Louvre E 15683, Caire JE 67094, Louvre E 15685) and the statue of his contemporary Paikhaas (Caire JE 67093). Two Theban papyri (“Rhind”), the opening sheets containing personal names and dates. All inscriptions in this chapter are translated into Russian for the first time. Chapter 4. Reports The hieroglyphs in the manuscripts of Ibn Waḥshiyya (coauthor: D. Morozov). This paper deals with original meanings of Egyptian hieroglyphic signs and their Arabic deciphered versions, given in the treatise by Ibn Waḥshiyya. The book of the Arab author, dated to the mid 9th century and preserved in later copies, contains about eighty frequently used signs, including names of several deities. The present catalogue reveals erroneousness of almost all meanings proposed by Ibn Waḥshiyya. Two demotic inscriptions from a bowl and an ostracon excavated by the Centre for Egyptological Studies of Russian Academy of Sciences in Egypt (in English). The translations by T. Young analyses the method of work used by the scholar to prepare the first translation of the demotic text of the Rosetta stone into English and Latin (in English). The epithet “New Ptolemy” deals with the introduction to the book named “The Svyatoslav Izbornic of 1073”. A manuscript of early Russian culture contains Old Slavonic translations from Greek scholars and theologians. The discussion focuses on the extract, in which the scribe giving praise to his lord named him a “new Ptolemy”. It is known that the anthology had its Bulgarian prototype being compiled for king Symeon (893–927), i.e. he was the person to whom this epithet was referred. According to the manuscripts the two monarchs were eager to collect new books, accumulate knowledge and enlighten his courtiers. Nevertheless, laudatory epithets were not intended for knyaz Svyatoslav. Thus, most likely, it was Ptolemy II, well-known in Byzantine from the oft-cited letter of Aristeas to Philocrates. English translation of the discussed lines in the Old Slavonic manuscript. The alternative implied character is Claudius Ptolemaeus, a famous scholar of that time. Supplement The index of titles and epithes of the Memphite and Letopolite priesthood is based on the list published in ET III (2), 510–564, no. 7.7; new entries from stelae MS.Wilkinson dep.b.11.fol.70 and Bergé 2007.481 are added. For the sources, see ET IV. The list of dates occurring in the discussed inscriptions. The plates includes the reprint of pages from edition of L. Allatius (1631) and sheets from the Old Slavonic manuscripts of “The Christian Topography” containing the text of Monumentum Adulitanum; the late 19th century photo by H. Brugsch of stela CGC 22187 (see “The Sacerdotal Decree of Canopus (238 BC)”); the reprint of stela CGC 22184 and a newly-made copy of the hieroglyphic inscription (see “The Sacerdotal Decree of Memphis (161 BC)”); the copy of the hieroglyphic inscription on stela Bergé 2007.481 (“The stela of Padiimhotep”); the copies of the fragments Louvre E 12677, AF 10077, and AF 10078; the photos of bowl 03–04/0148 and ostracon 06/0010 (excavations of CESRAS); the reprint of thw sheets from the Old Slavonic manuscripts of “The Izbornic”.
The Papyrus CGT 54015
Égypte nilotique et méditerranéenne. 2022. T. 15. P. 117–121.
The paper deals with a papyrus from the collection of the Egyptian Museum in Turin dated to the NK. It contains five fragments from the well-known “Story of Sanehet (Sinuhe)”. In many cases this version corresponds to the sources from this period with some variations. A hieroglyphic transcription, a commented translation, and a photo are presented.
The Manuscripts of the Maxims of Ptahhotep (Egyptian Texts series. Vol. XVII). 2021. 120 p. / Манускрипты «Поучения Птаххотепа». ET XVII
Novosibirsk: M. Panov
This paleographic research is devoted to the hieratic manuscripts of “The Maxims of Ptahhotep”, redefined hieroglyphic transcriptions of every source are provided, commentaries to the previous editions are offered, and a synoptic table is created in a new format to enable the comparative analyses of the versions. The study follows the photos and facsimiles of the sources from XIX–XIII centuries BC.
Источники по древнеегипетской истории в переводах на русский язык. Каталог. (серия: Египетские тексты, Т. XVI). 2021. 400 с. / Ancient Egyptian Historical and Literary Documents Translated into Russian. Catalogue. ET XVI
Новосибирск : М.В. Панов
Исследование посвящено систематизации письменных источников древнего Египта (начиная с первых надписей в III тыс. до н.э. и заканчивая последними в V в. н.э.), переведенных на русский язык с конца XIX в. Первая работа на эту тему, открывшая данную серию в 2011 г., подверглась уточнениям, а также существенным дополнениям за счет сотен документов, опубликованных в нашей стране в последние годы. Каталог является справочником по источниковедению истории и литературы, учитывающим основную зарубежную и всю отечественную научную литературу по каждому документу, ряд переводов сопровождается авторскими комментариями. Исследование дополнено публикацией десяти надписей.
Литературные и историко-биографические надписи (II тыс. до н.э.) (серия: Египетские тексты, Т. XV). 2021. 552 с. / Literary, Historical and Biographical Inscriptions (2nd Millenium BC), ET XV
Новосибирск : М.В. Панов
Исследование посвящено переводу знаменитых литературных и мифологических папирусов, а также деловых, исторических и заупокойных надписей, которые датируются от XIX до XII в. до н.э. Рассказ о «Красноречивом жителе оазиса» представлен в вариантах по дошедшим спискам, а «Поучение Амонемхета I», «Поучение Хети», «Гимн Нилу» и «Диалог Ипуура и владыки всего» предваряются палеографическим разбором. Многие биографические тексты 18-й династии сообщают о военных кампаниях и строительстве храмов. Впервые на русском языке выходят «Купчая на должность для Яхмос-Неферетири», «Стела сфинкса Амонхотепа II», «Календарь благоприятных и неблагоприятных дней» и «Литургия в память Амонхотепа I». В приложение включены публикации нескольких документов.